The American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) provides information on a variety of topics, including foot care for adults, children, and people who have diabetes; proper shoe fit; and how to select children's shoes and sports shoes. Some information is available in several languages besides English. The American Podiatric Medical Association (APMA) provides information about foot and ankle injuries, sports-related foot concerns, surgical and nonsurgical treatment of foot problems, special medical issues such as diabetes, and resources in your local area. Some information is available in Spanish. You can probably treat your toe joint problem at home. If you start right away, you may be able to avoid surgery. The pain then can affect other areas of the forefoot (front of the foot) including the toes caused by contractures of ligaments and tendons leading to bunions (turning of the big toe towards the other toes) or your other toes may begin to curl and get stiff (often called hammertoes or claw toes). As this occurs, calluses become a larger problem and may build up under the ball of the foot, at the joints of the toes or even at the tips of the toes. Care must be exercised to limit damage to the skin by allowing these calluses to become wounds. There are several tips to prevent hammer toe. Always make sure that you wear shoes that are right for your feet. Your shoes should never be too tight, and you should have plenty of room for your foot in your shoes. Wearing wide shoes will help you to prevent getting a hammer toe. So avoid shoes that are narrow. Do foot exercises' to keep your toes healthy. If you follow these simple tips, you may avoid getting hammer toe. These toe deformities may also be inherited, or occur due to complications from other conditions, such as nerve damage from diabetes or spinal cord injuries. Symptoms Due to the curling of the toes, the knuckle area of the toes will brush along the top of the toe box or curl under another toe, causing painful blisters and calluses. The calluses can be prevented by purchasing mole skin-a soft material with an adhesive side-or callus covers at drugstores. These covers will help keep the pain down and prevent the calluses from growing further. The Mayo Clinic website states that it is important to not remove these calluses by cutting them off without the aid of a professional. Chiropractic Photo Caption Moving and adjusting the toes will help with symptoms. A sledge hammer dropped from 3 metres is equivalent of getting dropped from the 1st floor of a building. The velocity attained is 17mph / 27kph on impact. The sledge hammer achieves a mass impact weight of 147kgs at this point, resulting in a deadly injury even if struck on the head whilst wearing a hard hat. Make sure that any grating will be safe as well as make use of mats as well as temporary covers in places you have got the potential for small items to fall through gaps. Orthotics, custom orthopedic foot supports, can help with mild hammer toes and bunions. They aren't a cure, but orthotics can make certain types of shoes more comfortable. Orthotics may slow down or perhaps prevent the progression of bunions and hammer toes. However, once the hammer toes and bunions become too large or severe an orthotic becomes just another thing occupying space in a crowded shoe. How does the nursery rhyme go? There was an old lady living in a shoe with so many hammer toes and bunions she didn't know what to do. In the case of a mallet toe or claw toe, the Post procedure may be performed with or without the tendon lengthening. Typical healing time for hammer toe repair can vary from several days to several weeks depending upon the nature of the procedure and your overall health status. High Arch or Cavus Foot. The paralysis of the anterior tibial muscle group (the shin muscles) can cause a condition characterized by a rigid high arch. These feet may require special orthopedic insoles (orthotics) or shoes with arch supports in order to ensure the comfort and support of cavus feet. Postoperatively, the sutures are removed in 2 weeks, and the patient is advised to avoid dorsiflexion moments of the hallux for about 8 weeks. The site is protected in plaster with a toe extension. Once the cast is removed, further protection with a stiff sole shoe, with or without a rocker bottom, is needed for an additional 4-6 weeks. After approximately 3-4 months, many patients are able to return to athletic activity. Equipment modification is essential. Patients should use an orthosis or insole that contains a stainless steel or graphite plate in the forefoot. Some insoles may be custom molded and contain a Morton extension to decrease MTP joint motion.