Corns and calluses are thickened areas of skin found on the toes and bottom or sides of the feet, respectively. This is a natural skin reaction to pressure from shoes, the ground, and the bones underneath the skin. Essentially, the skin begins to thicken it's top layer to form a sort of armor to protect it from this abnormal pressure. Unfortunately, this protective thickening can also cause pain, and force many people into trying numerous different treatments to relieve the pain. This article will review the 'do's' and 'don'ts' of corn and callus care, as improper care can lead to further foot problems. Just because the shoe fits, does not necessarily mean you should wear it. “If you have to ‘break-in’ a pair of shoes—something is wrong,” says Lynn Reichl of Arches. “A good shoe that fits properly will feel comfortable immediately,” she says. Wearing shoes that fit wrong can lead to all kinds of foot problems down the road, many of which, may require medical treatment. Too much stress on the arch can cause Plantar Fasciitis, and wearing shoes that are too tight or narrow can cause Bunions. Corns and Callouses are also symptoms of a poor fitting shoes. Calluses and corns on the feet may also be caused by repeated pressure due to sports (such as a callus on the bottom of a runner’s foot), an odd way of walking (abnormal gait), or an underlying bone structure, such as flat feet or bone spurs (small, bony growths that form along joints). Calluses and corns generally are diagnosed during a physical exam. Your doctor may also ask you questions about your work, your hobbies, or the types of shoes you wear. An X-ray of the foot may be done if your doctor suspects a problem with the underlying bones. Our feet get the raw end of the deal as we go about our day to day. Calluses, bunions, ingrown toenails, and fungus-just to name a few ailments plaguing each step. So why not give them a daily "break" and a breath of fresh air? Don't know where to look for the best value in foot care products? Well, Freemen's beauty labs have just the thing for your twinkles, without spending ridiculous amounts. Plus, none of these products are tested on animals. Pick up the soak, scrub, and lotion in your choice of scents, and find out why Freeman is the Best Value in Foot Care Products on the market. Bunions and hammer toes are the bread and butter of a podiatrist. They keep on coming into my office like coughs or upper respiratory infections keep coming into a family doctor's office. I have seen large, small, deformed, gross, tiny, under corrected and over corrected hammer toes and bunions. I have never seen a cute one though. Sometimes I even dream about bunions and hammer toes at night (sad but true). It is very common that I see these two foot problems together. Everyone can benefit from the effects of exercise. Diabetics should speak with their physician or trainer about participating in exercises that are low impacting on the feet. The connecting tissue in your foot can become inflamed and cause a stabbing pain in the heel. This is called Plantar fascitis. Try stretching the soles of your feet, cutting back on running, using heel pads and an anti-inflammatory. At night try using splints to keep your foot flexed while you sleep. Tarsal tunnel syndrome is described as the compression of a nerve that causes pain or numbness from the heel and radiates to the toes. Try resting, icing and an anti-inflammatory. But the truth is, tarsal tunnel syndrome can cause damage to the nerve, so don't hesitate too long about seeing a doctor if the pain doesn't subside. Use moisturizers regularly on your calluses. There are a lot of skin-care moisturizers out there that help soften the skin and get rid of calluses. There are even skin creams and moisturizers that are specially made to treat and combat calluses. If you're looking for one, it is suggested that you look for a moisturizer with lactic acid or urea. Alpha hydroxy acids are especially good for dry skin. With a course of conservative treatment consisting of anti-inflammatory medications and orthotics, the pain associated with the bunion may be alleviated and surgery can be delayed. Surgical correction, if indicated, is aimed at realigning the first metatarsal with the second. A common conservative treatment for mild to moderate bunions (Hallux valgus) and bunion pain is to wear a bunion splint. The basic design of a bunion splint includes a "holder" for the big toe, extended in a longitudinal direction and connected to another "binding" around the mid-foot, resulting in a corrective force on the big toe. To successfully realign a bunion, make sure the bunion splint supports the foot, straightens the big toe and protects the irritated tissue. Pain and a toe that looks odd are symptoms of hammer, claw, and mallet toes. The toe may rub against your footwear, and you may have trouble finding shoes that fit.